Venomous as a Mediterranean escort 1942-3
As told by crew members Jack Bolton and Bob Hargreaves
I occasionaly receive orders for A Hard Fought Ship from relatives of the men who served on HMS Venomous and this often leads to new information about events described in the book.
Ray Bolton bought a copy for his father, Jack Bolton (on right), who is now 88 but was only 19 when he joined HMS Venomous
at Londonderry in June 1942. Linda Atkinson bought the book for her
uncle, Chris Hargreaves, the youngest brother of Bob Hargreaves (left)
who joined Venomous at Troon in March of that year after a major refit following its collision with HMS Keppel. Sadly, Bob died a few months ago but Chris has recalled some of the stories he told during his final illness.
Venomous had a wartime
complement of around 160 men but most only knew those on their watch or
station. Jack has no memory of Bob but they served together on Venomous until October 1943.
Bob Hargreaves was one of nine children born in a two up two
down in Bolton, Lancashire, on the 1 November 1921. He was a paper
maker by trade and, like Jack Bolton, a Roman Catholic. Bob was born
with a veil (or caul) over his face which the midwife removed and his
Mother kept. Bob and his two brothers had fragments of the caul sewn
into their clothing as a lucky charm to save them from being drowned,
an old sailors' superstition. All three brothers returned safely from
He volunteered for the Navy when he was only 17 in May 1939, enlisting
for "7 years plus 5" (Official No. D/SSX.30219) and was posted from HMS
Drake, the Devonport shorebase at Plymouth to HMS Shikari
in December 1939 when he was 18. He had vivid memories of Dunkirk where
he was in the ship's whaler pulling men out of the sea. Shilkari was the last ship to leave Dunkirk.
That Autumn Shikari was
deployed to Atlantic convoy defences in the NW Approaches as part of
the Second Escort Group at Londonderry. Venomous was also at Londonderry as part of the First Escort Group. In October 1941 Shikari lost most of her bridge in the storm which swept Teddy Weeks to his death
on Venomous as described by Sydney Compston (see page 157). Despite their poor
quality Bob's snapshots of the damage give some indication of the
The bridge and front gun turret of HMS Shikari smashed by waves in a storm near Iceland, 9 October 1941 Photographed by Bob Hargeaves
Bob joined HMS Venomous at Troon on the 27 March 1942 in time for the artic convoy to Murmansk described in chapter six of A Hard Fought Ship but, understandably, did not care to dwell too much on the awful conditions he must have experienced.
"Jack" (John) Bolton (D/JX 342131) was born seventy miles from Belfast in Northern Ireland in 1923, left school when he was
14 and worked in a shop until he was 19 when he travelled to Belfast to
take a medical and enlist in the Navy to avoid the square bashing he had seen soldiers serving in NI having to do.
He enlisted in January 1942 and was sent to HMS Royal Arthur, a former Butlins holiday camp in Skegness, for three
weeks basic training. Jack had a narrow escape when the base was bombed
on the 28 February. Eight men were killed and many chalets destroyed.
He opted to be a
torpedoman and was sent on a three month course at Devonport, Plymouth. He asked
to be put on a draft to the next ship in Londonderry and on the 28
June joined HMS Venomous on
its return from Murmansk as a Seaman Torpedoman, AB(ST), Official
Number D/JX 342131. This posting suited Jack as the girl friend he married worked in a shirt factory across
the road from the naval base.
Living conditions aboard Venomous
were far from comfortable. She pitched and rolled in even a men. It took too long to roll hammocks if called to action
stations and they slept on the
padded tops of the lockers lining the hull, the mess
room table or the floor.The
"boss" of the mess was "Micky" Addis, a Bosun's Mate from Ulster who
joined the ship when she came out of Reserve at Rosyth in July 1939 and
lorded it over the young ratings. A Hard Fought Ship contrasts the wardroom and cabins where the officers lived at the stern of Venomous with the conditions endured by the ratings on the messdecks in the fo's'le (see appendix six).
and its sister ships were built at the end of World War I as "torpedo
boat destroyers" but throughout World War 11 they were mainly used as
destroyer escorts and depth charges were their principal weapon against
the U-boats which attacked the convoys.
Jack was one of fifteen AB(ST) on Venomous
but the torpedoes were never fired. They remained in their tubes (with
propellers locked in harbour) apart from occasional exercises when
they were taken out and reloaded. The main job of the torpedo men
was looking after the depth charges. There were two sloping twelve foot depth
charge rails at the stern, each with ten 350 lb depth charges, plus
explosive depth charge throwers on the port and starboard sides which could hurl the depth charges 20 yards. The depth
charges were winched up from a store below deck, fitted with
explosive canisters containing 1.25 lbs of TNT and cigarette sized
mercury fulminate detonators. The depth at which the charges exploded
(from 50 - 500 ft) was set by altering the size of the hole through
which seawater entered the canister. This was done in advance but it only took a minute to remove the canister and
reset the depth. Charges could
be released singlely or as a pattern of four, one from each
rail and depth charge thrower. The torpedo men were also
responsible for the two high power 240 volt AC generators and the low
power DC batteries which powered the ship's wireless and telephone.
"HMS Venomous, 1943. I do not remember any of them", Jack Bolton.
"I took this photograph, I had a small camera on board ship, HMS Venomous, HMS Wessex."
Courtesy of Jack Bolton
Jack remembers vividly the night the night HMS Hecla
was torpedoed. His action station was
on the bridge where he transmitted messages from the CO, Cdr
H.W. Falcon-Steward RN, to the engine room, boiler room and the depth
charge crew on the after deck by telephone. He was there on the night
of 11 November
1942 when HMS Hecla was torpedoed (see chapter eight in A Hard Fought Ship) and Venomous
tried to overhaul and ram the attacking U-boat. That night Venomous had to fight the attacking U-boat while rescuing the hundreds of men struggling in the oily water. With
Venomous at a standstill he
was sent down on deck to help in the rescue. The men clutching the
scrambling nets hung over the stern were so thick with oil it was
almost impossible to haul them to safety. An officer on the bridge
called out that they had a ping on the ASDIC and they should "let
go". A seaman slipped from his hand, fell backwards with his feet
tangled in the net and Jack heard the terrible sound of his head
repeatedly hitting the ship's hull as Venomous accelerated away in pursuit of the prowling U-boat. This incident was by described Les Mortimer, who spent several hours in the water with AB Charley Stocker, the man who was killed.
Bob Hargreaves told his brother Chris that there were so many survivors on deck that Venomous became unstable but they were reluctant to go down below for fear that Venomous would suffer the same fate as the other destroyer escort, HMS Marne, and be torpedoed.
Bob Hargreaves (left, facing camera) was photographed on the deck of HMS Venomous while berthed alongside USS Augusta at Casablanca
Note the bodies of men who died after rescue sewn into the hammocks in which they were later buried at sea
Image NARA 80-G-3015 Courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration
Venomous made it to Casablanca
on its last few tons of fuel within hours of its capture by the
Americans and the 560 survivors crowding its decks were taken aboard
the USS Augusta to shower, be
issued with USN uniforms and fed. The dead were sewn in hammocks and
buried at sea enroute to Gibraltar. Four more died from their injuries
volunteered to be part of the burial party. They were put aboard a
barge and taken out to sea from Gibraltar with a padre to read a brief
burial service before committing them to the depths.
The Axis forces in North Africa surrendered on the 13 May 1943 and four days later Venomous
was picked as one of four destroyer escorts for KMS.14X, the first
through convoy from Gib to Alex for two years. Jack remembered the discovery of the
liferaft in the Gulf of Gabes off Tunisia holding a dead German parachutist with the
rings and personal papers of men who had already died and been slid
overboard (see p258) plus one
further dreadful detail. The broken blade of a knife and the arm of a
man were found with the body of the German, evidence that he had
resorted to canibalism to keep alive. The dead man was sewn into the
traditional hammock but was slid over the ship's side without a
According to a long established “custom of the sea” cannibalism is
justified in these circumstances but murder in order to preserve life
by cannibalsim is not and is a crime in English Common Law. See the shipwreck of the Mignonette (1884) and the case Regina v Dudley (1885).
Top: The "Souvenir of
Egypt" brought home by AB John Dumville who joined the ship at
Gibraltat in February 1943 in time for the first through convoy from
Gib to Alex
Left: Bob Hargreaves is centre in this typical photograph taken in a bar in Alexandria. Right: Jack Bolton and his "Oppo, 'Don' from Cardiff" on a run ashore in Alexandria.
The crew took the
opportunity to go ashore at Alexandria in July before escorting the
cargo ships used as troop carriers for Operation Husky,
the invasion of Sicily. Jack Bolton recalled that each of the fourteen
cargo ships carried some two thousand men and had barrage balloons at
bow and stern to discourage attacking aircraft. The Mediterranean was
rarely rough but the convoy ran into a violent storm and the troops
suffered so severely from sea sickness (Jack could see them leaning
over the rail being sick) that they had to
turn back for twelve hours while they recovered, all the ships lost
their barrage balloons and the landing at Augusta had to be delayed by
four hours. After the succesful landing Venomous nosed its way into the large outer harbour at Syracuse where Jack saw women medical staff, Wrens, disembarking.
Jack and Bob had served under three commanding officers of HMS Venomous:
Cdr H.W. Falcon-Steward RN, Cdr D.H. Maitland MacGill-Crichton RN and
Lt H.D. Durell RN. Jack said the crew were in awe of their COs and saw
little of them. Venomous was
on its last legs when it limped back home to Falmouth, its engine
"shot" for the major refit which reduced it from a fighting ship to
towing targets in the Irish sea for Barracuda air launched torpedoes.
Bob Hargreaves and Jack Bolton left Venomous at Falmouth in October 1943.
Jack Bolton was sent to Govan on the Clyde to join a new W Class destroyer, HMS Wessex, which "had refrigeration and fewer cockroaches than Venomous".
He was at Leyte in the Pacific and at Nagasaki after the atom bomb was
dropped. After being demobbed in May 1946, he studied, and joined
the REME at the Central Ordnance Depot in Donnington, Shropshire, as a
civilian employee and worked there for 42
years until retirement. He had three boys and four girls, lives in
Telford and still leads an active life.
Bob Hargreavesserved on two River Class frigates, HMS Nadder from December 1943 to September 1945 and its sister ship, HMS Lossie
(which had been transferred to the RN under the 1940 US/UK Lend Lease
Agreement) as part of the "steaming party" which returned it to the USN
in January 1946. He left active service on the 14 January 1947 but
remained in the Royal Fleet Reserve until the 31 October 1951 when his
"engagement expired". Bob was a GPO engineer after the war,
became blind after a stroke and for the last eighteen months of his life was totally dependent on his brother Chis who lived seven doors away.